Canadian Treaty Series
EXCHANGE OF NOTES CONSTITUTING AN AGREEMENT BETWEEN CANADA AND THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA RELATING TO A STUDY TO BE MADE BY THE INTERNATIONAL JOINT COMMISSION WITH RESPECT TO THE UPPER COLUMBIA RIVER BASIN
The American Ambassador to the Canadian Secretary of State for External Affairs
EMBASSY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
OTTAWA, February 25, 1944
The Right Honorable
The Secretary of State for External Affairs
I have the honor to refer to your note No. 157 of December 10, 1943, concerning the desirability of having a study made by the International Joint Commission with respect to the Upper Columbia River Basin from the points of view of navigation, power development, irrigation, flood control, and other beneficial public uses and purposes.
As the result of informal exchanges of views on this subject I have been directed to bring the following suggested reference to the Commission to your attention with the request that I be informed whether it is acceptable to the Government of Canada:
"1. In order to determine whether a greater use than is now being made of the waters of the Columbia River system would be feasible and advantageous, the Governments of the United States and Canada have agreed to refer the matter to the International Joint Commission for investigation and report pursuant to Article IX of the Convention concerning Boundary Waters between the United States and Canada, signed January 11th, 1909."
"2. It is desired that the Commission shall determine whether in its judgment further development of the water resources of the river basin would be practicable and in the public interest from the points of view of the two Governments, having in mind (A) domestic water supply and sanitation, (B) navigation, (C) efficient development of water power, (D) the control of floods, (E) the needs of irrigation, (F) reclamation of wet lands, (G) conservation of fish and wildlife, and (H) other beneficial public purposes.
"3. In the event that the Commission should find that further works or projects would be feasible and desirable for one or more of the purposes indicated above, it should indicate how the interests on either side of the boundary would be benefited or adversely affected thereby, and should estimate the costs of such works or projects, including indemnification for damage to public and private property and the costs of any remedial works that may be found to be necessary, and should indicate how the costs of any projects and the amounts of any resulting damage should be apportioned between the two Governments.
"4. The Commission should also investigate and report on existing dams, hydro-electric plants, navigation works, and other works or projects located within the Columbia River system in so far as such investigation and report may be germane to the subject under consideration.
"5. In the conduct of its investigation and otherwise in the performance of its duties under this reference, the Commission may utilize the services of engineers and other specially qualified personnel of the technical agencies of Canada and the United States and will so far as possible make use of information and technical data heretofore acquired by such technical agencies or which may become available during the course of the investigation, thus avoiding duplication of effort and unnecessary expense."
If the proposed reference is acceptable to your Government I should appreciate being informed, and this note together with your reply would be regarded as an agreement between our two Governments on the terms of reference.
Accept, Sir, the renewed assurances of my highest consideration.
The Canadian Secretary of State for External Affairs to the American Ambassador
DEPARTMENT OF EXTERNAL AFFAIRS
OTTAWA, March 3, 1944
The Ambassador of the United States of America,
United States Legation
I have the honour to refer to your note No. 101 dated February 25, 1944, in which you brought to the attention of the Canadian Government the terms of a reference to the International Joint Commission with respect to the Upper Columbia River Basin.
The proposed reference is acceptable to the Canadian Government and your note, together with this reply, may be regarded as an agreement between our two Governments on the terms of reference.
Accept, Excellency, the renewed assurances of my highest consideration.
N. A. Robertson
for Secretary of State for External Affairs