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Agreement between the Government of Canada and the Government of Malaysia for the Training in Canada of Personnel of the Armed Forces of the Government of Malaysia [1969] CATSer 14 (22 December 1969)

E100931- CTS 1969 No. 7


THE GOVERNMENT OF CANADA AND THE GOVERNMENT OF MALAYSIA, hereinafter referred to as Canada and Malaysia respectively.

CONSIDERING that Malaysia has requested Canada to provide training in Canada for personnel of the armed forces of Malaysia;

HAVE AGREED as follows:



In this Agreement

(a) “trainee” means a member of the armed forces of Malaysia who has been authorized by his government to undergo training in Canada with the Canadian Forces and who has been accepted by Canada for training;

(b) “training” means the military training prescribed by the Chief of the Defence Staff of the Canadian Forces.


Training and Costs

Subject to the terms and conditions of this Agreement, Canada shall provide training in Canada for trainees in such numbers as may from time to time be agreed upon by the appropriate authorities of Malaysia and Canada.


Costs shall be borne as follows:

(a) Canada shall bear the cost of:

(i) the allowances mentioned in sub-paragraph (b) of article 4,

(ii) tuition, clothing and equipment required for training, and all other training costs,

(iii) rations and quarters,

(iv) duty travel in Canada,

(v) and administration, including routine medical and dental care.

(b) Malaysia shall bear the cost of:

(i) the pay and allowances mentioned in sub-paragraph (a) of Article 4,

(ii) return commercial transportation between Malaysia and Canada including all in transit costs,

(iii) major medical care relating to serious injury and illness and major dental care.


Pay and Allowances

Trainees during their period of training in Canada shall be paid as follows:

(a) Malaysia shall issue to the credit of each trainee in Malaysia such pay and allowances, according to his rank, as he may be entitled to receive under Malaysia regulations for service in Malaysia. The Malay­sian authorities shall ensure that adequate assignments or deductions are made from such pay and allowances to provide for the maintenance of a trainee’s dependents and, in accordance with Malaysian regula­tions, to satisfy any other financial obligations of a trainee in Malaysia. A trainee may make private arrangements to draw upon any balance of such pay and allowances remaining to his credit to meet his personal expenses while in Canada, if and to the extent that such arrangements are permitted by the Malaysian authorities. Pay and allowances issued by Malaysia shall be exempt from Canadian taxation.

(b) Allowances shall be issued by Canada to each trainee, to meet his living and other expenses during his period of training, as follows:

(i) A Maintenance Allowance at a rate appropriate to the trainee’s rank,

(ii) A Civilian Clothing Allowance when necessary, having regard to the duration of the training and season in which it takes place,

(iii) A Ration Allowance in an amount to be determined by the Minister of National Defence, at any time that rations are not provided to the trainee free of charge.

(iv) A Leave Transportation Allowance when appropriate, having re­gard to the duration of the training, and at the rates applicable to members of the Canadian Forces.

The rates of the Maintenance Allowance and the Civilian Clothing Allowance mentioned above will be determined in consultation with the Malaysian authorities. Allowances issued by Canada shall be exempt from Malaysian taxation.


Military Jurisdiction

Trainees shall not, during the period of their training in Canada, be subject to the Code of Service Discipline of the Canadian Forces. The authorities of Malaysia will, however, issue in advance to trainees appropriate written orders, a copy of which will be conveyed to the authorities of Canada, to ensure compliance by the trainees with orders and instructions issued to them by the authorities of the Canadian Forces during the period of their training in Canada.


Prohibited Activities

A trainee shall not during the period of training in Canada:

(a) be required to participate in any form of combat operations either in or out of Canada or in aid of the civil power; or

(b) be required to perform any function, duty or act that is inconsistent with the purpose of this Agreement.


Canadian Law

Trainees will be amenable to the civil and criminal laws in force in Canada and to the jurisdiction of civil and criminal courts in Canada.



Canada shall take measures to ensure the security and protection within Canada of the persons and property of trainees.



Malaysia shall take measures to prevent the disclosure by a trainee, after the cessation of his training, to other governments to any unauthorized person of classified Canadian information of which he may become cognizant in the course of his official duties.



Canada waives all claims against Malaysia for damage done to any property owned by Canada where such damage is caused by a trainee acting in the capacity as a trainee.


Canada and Malaysia waive all claims against each other for injury or death suffered by a trainee or a member of the Canadian Forces while either is engaged in the performance of his official duties. Where a claim is made against Canada by any person for the death or injury suffered by a trainee in the performance of his duties, Malaysia shall indemnify Canada in respect of costs incurred and damages paid by Canada in dealing with such a claim.


A claim against Malaysia or a trainee, arising out of an act or omission of a trainee in the performance of his official duties, shall be assimilated to and be dealt with by Canada as if it were a claim arising out of the activities of a member of the Canadian Forces in the performance of his official duties in Canada. This article shall not apply to any claim arising in connection with the death of or injury to a trainee.


Ex-gratia Payments

Claims against trainees arising out of acts or omissions in Canada not done in the performance of official duty may be dealt with in the following manner:

(a) Canadian authorities may investigate the incident giving rise to the claim and prepare a report on the case including an estimate of the amount of money which the Canadian authorities consider would re­present reasonable compensation for the death, injury or property damage or loss suffered by the claimant.

(b) The report may be delivered to Malaysian authorities who, upon receipt, shall decide without delay whether to offer an ex-gratia payment, and, if so, of what amount.

(c) Any offer of an ex-gratia payment or payment itself by the Malaysian authorities may be sent to the claimant directly or through the Deputy Minister of the Department of National Defence.

(d) Nothing in this article affects the jurisdiction of courts in Canada to entertain an action against a trainee unless and until there has been payment in full satisfaction of the claim.

(e) Where the claim has been adjudicated by a court in Canada or Malaysia and a judgment rendered in favour of the claimant, the Malaysian authorities which consider whether to make an ex-gratia payment to satisfy the judgment, or to take such other steps as they may within the bounds of Malaysian domestic legislation to seek compliance with the judgment.



On the conditions specified in the second paragraph of this article and subject to compliance with the formalities established by Canada relating to entry into, and departure from, Canada of military trainees from foreign countries, trainees shall be exempt from passport and visa regulations on entering or leaving Canada.

The following documents only will be required in respect of trainees and they must be presented on demand:

(a) personal identity card issued by Malaysia;

(b) individual or collective movement order, in the English or French language, issued by the appropriate authorities of Malaysia; and

(c) international certification in the English or French Language of vaccination against small pox within three years of entry into Canada.


A trainee shall not by virtue of his presence in Canada as a trainee:

(a) acquire any right to remain in Canada after his training has been completed or otherwise terminated;

(b) acquire domicile in Canada.


Deceased Trainees and Their Estates

Official representatives of Malaysia shall have the right to take possession and make all arrangements in respect of the body of a trainee who dies in Canada and may dispose of the personal property of the estate after payment of debts of the deceased or the estate which were incurred in Canada and owed to persons ordinarily resident therein.


Termination of Training

Canada or Malaysia may terminate the training of a trainee at any time and shall give to the other reasonable notification of an intention so to do.


A trainee whose training is terminated for any reason whatsoever shall be repatriated with the least possible delay by Malaysia.


Administrative Arrangements

The appropriate military authorities of Malaysia and Canada may establish mutually satisfactory procedures not inconsistent with the provisions contained herein, to carry out the intent of this Agreement and to give effect to its provisions.



Either Canada or Malaysia may at any time request revision of any of the provisions of the Agreement.


Commencement and Termination

This Agreement shall enter into force upon signature and shall have effect retroactively from September 10, 1965. It shall remain in force until terminated by one of the following methods:

(a) by either Government after six months’ written notice to that effect has been given to the other Government;

(b) without complying with sub-paragraph (a) of this article, by the withdrawal from Canada of all trainees by Malaysia, where such withdrawal is in the public interest of Malaysia;

(c) or, without complying with sub-paragraph (a) of this article, by Canada without previous notification if Canada decides that such termination is in the public interest of Canada.

DONE in duplicate, in the English, French and Malay languages, each language version being equally authentic, at Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia this 22 day of December, 1969.

John Hadwen


Samad Noor


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