Canadian Treaty Series
E103766 - CTS 1976 No. 33
EXCHANGE OF NOTES BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENT OF CANADA AND THE GOVERNMENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA PROVIDING FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT, MAINTENANCE AND OPERATION OF A LORAN-C TRANSMITTING STATION AT WILLIAMS LAKE, BRITISH COLUMBIA
The Ambassador of the United States of America to the Secretary of State for External Affairs of Canada
OTTAWA, May 28, 1976
The Honorable Allan MacEachen,
Secretary of State for External Affairs,
I have the honor to refer to discussions between officials of our two governments concerning the desirability of improved marine radio navigation systems in areas of mutual interest.
These discussions have indicated that co-operative establishment of a Loran-C Station in the vicinity of Williams Lake, British Columbia, would be to the mutual advantage of the United States and Canada. Accordingly, I wish to propose that the Government of the United States of America and the Government of Canada enter into an Agreement for the construction, operation, and maintenance of such a Loran-C Station. This station will be constructed, operated and maintained by an agency of the Government of Canada in accordance with the terms and conditions contained in the Annex to this Note. It is understood that this Agreement will be conditional on both the Government of the United States and the Government of Canada making available the required funds.
Except as may otherwise be agreed, this Agreement shall remain in force for a period of at least ten years. Thereafter, the Agreement shall remain in force until terminated in accordance with the following procedures. At any time after the Agreement has remained in force for at least nine years, the Government of the United States of America and the Government of Canada will consult, at the request of either of them with regard to its continuation. If the Government of the United States of America and the Government of Canada cannot agree to the continuation of this Agreement within one year after such a request for consultation, the Agreement shall be terminated upon one year’s written notice by either Party to the other.
If the foregoing is acceptable to your Government, I have the further honor to propose that this Note and its Annex, together with your reply to that effect, shall constitute an Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of Canada, which shall enter into force on the date of your reply.
Accept, Sir, the renewed assurances of my highest consideration.
Thomas O. Enders
Terms and Conditions Governing the Establishment, Maintenance and Operation of a Loran-C Transmitting Station and its Associated Monitor Control Station in British Columbia
1. Co-operating Agencies
The project shall be conducted by Co-operating Agencies designated by each Government. On the part of the Government of the United States of America the Co-operating Agency will be the United States Coast Guard, (hereinafter referred to as U.S.C.G.) and on the part of the Government of Canada the Co-operating Agency will be the Canadian Coast Guard (hereinafter referred to as C.C.G.). Either Government may change the designation of its Co-operating Agency by means of a notice in writing to the other Government.
2. Site Selection
The C.C.G. will select a site for the Loran-C transmitting station in the vicinity of Williams Lake, British Columbia. The U.S.C.G. will provide assistance in site selection at the request of the C.C.G. Location of the antennas, ground system and buildings on the selected site will be the responsibility of the C.C.G., based on guidelines provided by the U.S.C.G.
3. Land Acquisition
Land required as sites for the stations will be acquired by the C.C.G. at C.C.G. expense. Ownership shall be vested in the Crown in right of Canada.
4. Loran-C Electronic Equipment
The U.S.C.G. will provide without charge (including transportation costs) all electronic equipment necessary to produce, receive, synchronize and monitor the Loran-C signals, and will retain title thereto. This equipment will include communications equipment necessary for operational control among the stations in the Loran-C chain of which the Williams Lake Transmitting Station is an integral part. In addition, the U.S.C.G. shall provide, without charge, instruction books, technical documentation and standards and procedures for the operation and maintenance of the Loran-C Station.
Installation will be accomplished by Canadian personnel at C.C.G. expense. Technical assistance for installation and adjustment will be provided without charge by the U.S.C.G. at C.C.G. request. An initial allowance of spare parts will be provided without charge by the U.S.C.G. so long as such items are available. Supply support levels and procedures should be agreed upon through contractual arrangements between the Canadian Department of Supply and Services, Washington, D. C. and the U.S.C.G. Field changes including associated equipment developed by the U.S.C.G. will be provided without charge by the U.S.C.G.
The U.S.C.G. will provide without charge typical plans for the buildings to house major Loran-C equipment. These plans will specify space requirements, equipment locations, floor plans, bonding, ducting, floor loading, cable routing and other details and criteria peculiar to Loran-C Transmitting Station construction. The C.C.G. will construct, at C.C.G. expense, all buildings necessary to house the Loran-C electronic equipment.
6. Primary and Standby Power, and Ancillary Equipment
The C.C.G. will provide primary and standby electrical power suitable for operation of the Loran-C Station, and all ancillary equipment for the Station’s operation. The U.S.C.G. will identify the power requirements of electronic equipment which it will furnish.
7. Antennas and Ground Systems
The C.C.G. will provide and install the Loran-C Transmitting and Receiving Station antennas and ground systems. The transmitting antenna is to be constructed and erected in conformity with design specifications and erection criteria to be provided without charge by the U.S.C.G. Should the C.C.G. experience antenna procurement difficulties because the equipment is not readily procurable on the open market, the U.S.C.G. may provide the Loran-C Transmitting and Receiving antennas on a reimbursable basis.
Required training of Canadian personnel will be provided by the U.S.C.G. on terms and conditions to be agreed upon. All related costs associated with travel, lodging and meals of Canadian personnel will be paid by the C.C.G. Any training not normally provided to U.S.C.G. personnel, however, will be funded entirely by the C.C.G.
9. Operation and Maintenance
Operation and maintenance functions of the completed station, and costs associated therewith are to be carried out and paid for by the C.C.G. with the exception of the communication links which will be paid for by the Co-operating Agency of the country in which the communication links are located. The C.C.G. will be responsible for proper operation of the station in accordance with standard Loran-C operating procedures and techniques to be provided without charge by the U.S.C.G., subject to any modifications agreed to after consultation between the Co-operating Agencies.
10. Frequency Assignment and Technical Characteristics
Application for the assignment of a Loran-C operating frequency for the Williams Lake Station will be the responsibility of the C.C.G. The technical characteristics are as follows:
(a) Assigned frequency - 100 kHz
(b) Transmitting Power - .44 Megawatt peak, transmitter duty cycle approximately 0.02
(c) Emission 20 P 9
(d) Power spectrum - In accordance with Article 5 No. 166 of the ITU Radio Regulations (Geneva 1959) at least 99% of the total power of the emissions shall be confined within the band 90-110 kHz and such emissions shall not cause harmful interference outside that band to stations operating in accordance with the aforementioned Radio Regulations.
11. Time Schedule-Critical Dates
The Williams Lake Loran-C Transmitting Station will be on air continuously transmitting signals at full power and in stable synchronization by January 31, 1977, or as near thereafter as possible.
The United States Government will provide the Canadian Government free of charge with the necessary charting data to permit the appropriate Canadian Agency to prepare and publish navigation charts covered by signals originating from the Loran-C chain of which the Williams Lake Transmitting Station is an integral part.
13. System Accuracy Flight Check
The U.S.C.G. will provide system accuracy flight check facilities to permit the initial accuracy check of the Loran-C chain of which the Williams Lake Station is an integral part. The cost of this initial check shall be shared equally by the U.S.C.G. and the C.C.G.
Upon termination of station operation all equipment owned by the U.S.C.G. and made available free of charge to the C.C.G. pursuant to this Agreement shall be removed by the U.S.C.G., or otherwise disposed of under terms and conditions to be agreed upon.
Each Government shall, to the extent permitted by its Federal legislation, grant relief from all taxes or customs duties on materials and equipment used in the maintenance or operation of the Loran-C Transmitter and Monitor Control Stations. In particular, Canada shall grant remission of customs duties and excise taxes on goods imported and Federal sales and excise taxes on goods purchased in Canada, specifically for the purpose of these facilities, which are or are to become property of the United States and are to be used in the maintenance or operation of these facilities. Canada shall also grant refund by ways of drawback of the customs duty paid on goods imported by Canadian manufacturers specifically for the purpose of these facilities and used in the manufacture or production of goods purchased by or on behalf of the United States Government and to become the property of the United States in connection with the maintenance and operation of the facility.
The U.S.C.G. shall not be liable for any claims arising out of the use of the equipment provided free of charge to the C.C.G. Responsibility for these claims is with the C.C.G.
17. Electro Magnetic Compatibility
Commissioning by the C.C.G. of the Loran-C Transmitting Station will be subject to the determination of its electro-magnetic compatibility with Canadian telecommunications services. The U.S.C.G. will provide, on request, such technical data, specifications and operational details, of the Loran-C transmitter, as are deemed necessary to complete the analysis of its compatibility. The Government of the United States shall, on request and without charge, assist the Canadian Government in the investigation of, and development of planned solutions to, harmful interference to Canadian telecommunications services where such interference is caused by emissions from the Williams Lake Loran-C Transmitting Station and the Stations which are paired to the Williams Lake Station. Should frequency changes to Canadian radio stations be required to mitigate incompatibilities verified by on-the-air testing of these Loran-C Transmitting Stations, the Government of the United States and the Government of Canada will co-operate in determining alternative compatible assignments. Should it be necessary to modify the Loran-C electronic equipment in order to mitigate such interference, the associated costs shall be borne by the U.S.C.G.
18. Safety Standards
The U.S.C.G. will provide, on request and without charge, available technical data relating to safety standards for operation and maintenance of Loran-C Transmitting Stations.
19. Future Loran-C Stations
In the implementation of future Loran-C sites in the North American chains, the Government of the United States will inform the Government of Canada of proposed stations as early as possible in the planning stage. Subsequent to receipt of this information the Government of Canada and the Government of the United States will co-operate in the technical analysis necessary to ensure the compatibility of these stations with the Canadian telecommunications environment.
Thomas O. Enders
The Secretary of State for External Affairs of Canada to the Ambassador of the United States of America
OTTAWA, June 3, 1976
His Excellency Thomas O. Enders,
The Ambassador of the United States of America,
I have the honour to acknowledge receipt of your Note No. 113 dated May 28, 1976, concerning the construction, maintenance and operation of a Loran-C Station at Williams Lake, British Columbia.
The Government of Canada accepts your proposal that our two governments conclude an Agreement on this subject in accordance with the terms set out in your Note and the Annex thereto.
I therefore accept your further proposal that your Note and the Annex thereto together with this reply, which is authentic in both English and French, shall constitute an Agreement between our two governments on this subject with effect from this date.
Accept, Excellency, the renewed assurances of my highest consideration.
Secretary of State for External Affairs