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Agreement between the Government of Canada and the Government of Costa Rica in respect of Investment Insurance [1987] CATSer 29 (27 November 1987)

E101477 - CTS 1987 No. 8


The Government of Canada and the Government of Costa Rica (hereinafter called the "Governments"), desirous of strengthening the ties of friendship between them and furthering the development of economic relations between Canada and Costa Rica, especially through investments; considering the benefits that insurance by the Government of Canada, through its agent the Export Development Corporation, hereinafter called the "Insuring Agency", could offer to Canadian investments in Costa Rica;



In the event of a payment by the Insuring Agency under a contract of investment insurance for any loss by reason of:

(a) war, riot, insurrection, revolution or rebellion in Costa Rica;

(b) confiscation, expropriation, deprivation of use or the arbitrary seizure of any property by a Government or an Agency thereof in Costa Rica;

(c) any action by a Government or Agency thereof in Costa Rica other than action of the kind described in subparagraph (b) that deprives the investor of any rights in, or in connection with, an investment; or

(d) any action by a Government or an Agency thereof in Costa Rica that prohibits or restricts the transfer of any money or the removal of any property from that country; the Insuring Agency shall be authorized by the Government of Costa Rica to exercise the rights having devolved on it by law or having been assigned to it by the insured investor.


To the extent that the laws of Costa Rica partially or wholly invalidate the acquisition of any interest in any property within its national territory by the Insuring Agency, the Government of Costa Rica shall permit the investor and the Insuring Agency to make the appropriate arrangements to transfer such interest to an entity permitted to own such interest under the law of Costa Rica.


The insuring Agency shall assert no greater rights than those conceded to the investor under the laws of Costa Rica with respect to any interest transferred or succeeded to as provided for in Article I. Nevertheless, the Government of Canada, in the exercise of its sovereignty reserves the right to lodge a claim in the case of denial of justice or any other matter of state responsibility as defined under international law.


Should the Insuring Agency acquire, under investment insurance contracts, amounts and credits of lawful currency of the Government of Costa Rica, the Government of Costa Rica shall accord to those funds treatment no different to that which it would accord if such funds were to remain with the investor, and such funds shall be freely available to the Government of Canada to meet its expenditures in the national territory of Costa Rica.


This Agreement shall apply only with respect to insured investments in projects or activities which are permitted by the Government of Costa Rica.


(a) Differences between the two Governments concerning the interpretation and application of the provisions of this Agreement or any claim in connection with the investments insured in accordance with this Agreement, against either of the two Governments, which, in the opinion of the other, present a question of public international law, shall be settled, insofar as possible, through negotiations between the two Governments. If such differences cannot be resolved within a period of three months following the request for such negotiations, they shall be submitted, at the request of either Government, to an ad hoc tribunal for settlement, in accordance with the applicable principles and rules of public international law.

(b) The arbitral tribunal shall consist of three members and shall be established as follows: each Government shall appoint one arbitrator; a third member, who shall act as Chairman, shall be appointed by the other two members. The Chairman shall not be a national of either country. The arbitrators shall be appointed within the two months and the Chairman within the three months following the date of receipt of either Government's request for arbitration.

(c) If the foregoing time limits are not met, either Government may, in the absence of any other agreement, request the President of the International Court of Justice to make the necessary appointment or appointments and both Governments agree to be bound by it or them.

(d) If the President of the International Court of Justice is prevented from carrying out said function or if he is a national of either of the two countries, the appointment or appointments shall be made by the Vice-President, and if the latter is preventing from carrying out said function or if he is a national of either of the two countries, the appointment or appointments shall be made by the next senior judge of this Court who is not a national of either of the two countries.

(e) The arbitral tribunal shall decide by a majority vote. Its decision shall be final and binding on both Governments. Each of the Governments shall pay the expenses of its member and its representation in the proceedings before the arbitral tribunal; the expenses of the Chairman and other costs shall be paid in equal parts by the two Governments. The arbitral tribunal may adopt other regulations concerning costs. In all other matters, the arbitral tribunal shall regulate its own procedures. Only the respective Governments may request arbitral procedure and participate in it.


(a) If either of the two Governments considers it desirable to modify the provisions of this Agreement, this procedure may be carried out through a request for consultation and/or by correspondence and shall begin not later than sixty (60) days from the date of the request.

(b) The modification of the Agreement agreed to between the two Government shall enter into force upon its confirmation on a date which shall be mutually agreed upon by an Exchange of Notes.

The Agreement shall enter into force when signed by both Parties. It shall remain in force until terminated by either of the Governments on six months' notice in writing to the other. In the event of termination, the provisions of the Agreement shall continue to apply in respect of insurance contracts issued by the Government of Canada for the duration of said contracts, but in no case shall the Agreement continue to apply to such contracts for a period longer than 15 years after the termination of this Agreement.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF the Undersigned, duly authorized by their respective Governments, have signed this Agreement.

DONE in duplicate at San Jose, Costa Rica on the twenty seventh of November nineteen eighty-seven in English, French and Spanish, each version being equally authentic.

Joe Clark


Rodrigo Madrigal Nieto


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