Canadian Treaty Series
AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENT OF CANADA AND THE GOVERNMENT OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF THE BAHAMAS REGARDING THE SHARING OF FORFEITED OR CONFISCATED ASSETS OR THEIR EQUIVALENT SUMS
THE GOVERNMENT OF CANADA and THE GOVERNMENT OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF THE BAHAMAS hereinafter referred to as “the Parties”,
CONSIDERING the commitment of the Parties to co-operate on the basis of the Treaty between the Government of Canada and the Government of the Commonwealth of the Bahamas on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters, done at Nassau on 13 March 1990 (Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty) as well as on the basis of the United Nations Convention against the Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances of 20 December 1988; Recommendation 38 of the Financial Action Task Force’s 40 Recommendations; and Article 28 of The Harare Scheme on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters;
DESIRING to improve the effectiveness of law enforcement in both countries in the investigation, prosecution and suppression of crime and in the tracing, freezing, seizure and forfeiture or confiscation of assets related to crime; and
DESIRING also to create a framework for sharing the proceeds of disposition of such assets;
HAVE AGREED as follows:
In this Agreement:
(a) references to “forfeiture” or “confiscation” shall be taken to be references to any procedure under national law resulting in:
i) in the case of Canada, an order of forfeiture of assets related to crime or an order for the payment of funds equivalent to a forfeiture, made on behalf of Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada; and
ii) in the case of the Commonwealth of The Bahamas, a confiscation order which is made by a court and which is not, or is no longer, capable of being the subject of any form of appeal proceedings;
(b) references to “co-operation” shall be taken to be references to any assistance, including intelligence, operational, legal or judicial assistance, which has been given by one Party and which has contributed to, or significantly facilitated, forfeiture or confiscation in the territory of the other Party;
(c) references to “assets” shall be taken to be references to assets which are in the possession of a Party, and which comprise the net proceeds realised as a result of forfeiture or confiscation, after deduction of the costs of realisation,
and the provisions of this Agreement are to be interpreted accordingly.
Circumstances in Which Assets May Be Shared
In any case in which a Party is in possession of assets, and it appears to that Party (the Holding Party) that co-operation has been given by the other Party, the Holding Party may, at its discretion and in accordance with its domestic laws, share those assets with that other Party (the Co-operating Party).
Requests for Asset Sharing
1. A request for asset sharing may be made by a Party which has co-operated with the Holding Party, and shall be made in accordance with the provisions of this Agreement.
2. A request made under paragraph 1 above shall set out the circumstances of the co-operation to which it relates, and shall include sufficient details to enable the Holding Party to identify the case, the assets, and the agency or agencies involved.
3. On receipt of a request for asset sharing made in accordance with the provisions of this Article, the Holding Party shall:
(a) consider whether to share assets as set out in Article 2 above; and
(b) inform the Party making the request of the outcome of that consideration.
Allocation of Shares
Where the Holding Party proposes to share assets with the Co-operating Party, it shall:
(a) determine, at its discretion and in accordance with its domestic law, the proportion of the assets to be shared which, in its view, represents the extent of the co-operation given by the Co-operating Party; and
(b) pay a sum equivalent to that proportion to the Co-operating Party in accordance with Article 5 below.
Payment of Shared Assets
1. Any sum paid pursuant to Article 4(b) above shall be paid:
(a) in the currency of the Holding Party;
(b) by means of an electronic funds transfer or cheque; or
(c) by any other more appropriate means.
2. Payment of any such sum shall be made:
(a) in any case in which Canada is the Co-operating Party, to the Receiver General of Canada (Proceeds Account), and sent to the Director of the Seized Property Management Directorate; and
(b) in any case in which the Commonwealth of The Bahamas is the Co-operating Party, to the Confiscated Assets Fund, and sent to the Minister of Finance,
or to such other recipient or recipients as the Co-operating Party may from time to time specify by written notification for the purposes of this Article.
Imposition of Conditions
Where it pays any sum pursuant to Article 4(b) above, the Holding Party may not impose on the Co-operating Party any conditions as to the use of that sum, and in particular may not require the Co-operating Party to share the sum with any other state, government, organisation or individual.
Channels of Communication
Save where otherwise indicated by this Agreement, all communications between the Parties pursuant to the provisions of this Agreement shall be conducted:
(a) on the part of Canada, by the Director of the Criminal Litigation Division; and
(b) on the part of the Commonwealth of The Bahamas, by the Central Authority as defined in the Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty,
or by such other nominees as the Parties may from time to time for their own part specify by written notification for the purposes of this Article.
Entry into Force
This Agreement shall enter into force on the date of the last note of an exchange of diplomatic notes between the Parties, confirming that all necessary internal procedures for entry into force of this Agreement have been completed.
Termination of Agreement
Either Party may terminate this Agreement, at any time, by giving written notice to the other Party. Termination shall become effective six months after receipt of the notice.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned, being duly authorized by their respective Governments, have signed this Agreement
DONE in duplicate at Nassau, this 12th day of March 2009, in the English and French languages, each version being equally authentic.
FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF CANADA
FOR THE GOVERNMENT OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF THE BAHAMAS