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TRADE AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENT OF INDIA AND THE GOVERNMENT OF FINLAND [1949] INTSer 6

TRADE AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENT OF INDIA AND THE GOVERNMENT OF FINLAND

New Delhi, 9 May 1949

The Government of India and the Government of Finland being equally desirous of encouraging direct commercial relations between the two countries have agreed as follows:

Article 1

With respect to the items mentioned in Schedules A and B attached to this Agreement and which shall be taken to form an integral part of this Agreement, the Contracting Parties agree that wherever necessary according to the laws and regulations applicable in either country, import and export licences shall be granted according to the laws and regulations applicable upto the yearly quantity or value mentioned against each item, wherever applications are made in conformity with laws and regulations applicable.

Article 2

The yearly quantity or value of any of the items mentioned in Schedules A and B can be altered or fresh items added by mutual agreement between the two Contracting Parties.

Article 3

Articles 1 and 2 of this Agreement are without prejudice to the right of nationals or firms of either country entering into business transactions in respect of goods and commodities not forming-part of this Agreement subject to and in conformity with the laws and regulations of either Contracting Party for the time being in force.

Article 4

Either Contracting Party shall also render all reasonable assistance in facilitating the export and import of goods and commodities both under Schedules A and B as well as those forming part of business transactions referred to in Article 3.

Article 5.

Both the Contracting Parties will provide all facilities that they can reasonably accord to secure that the ships of the Contracting Parties carry as large a proportion as possible of goods exported from or imported into their respective countries under this Agreement.

Article 6

This Agreement shall be subject to ratification and shall remain in force for one year from the 1st June, 1949, and thereafter for such successive periods as may be mutually agreed upon before the expiry of this Agreement.

Article 7

The exchange of the instruments of ratification shall be done as soon as possible at such place as may be mutually convenient or agreed upon.

Done and Signed, in duplicate, in English, either copy being authentic in New Delhi, on Monday, the Ninth day of May, 1949.

(Sd.) C.C. DESAI, For the Government of India.

(Sd.) ERTC AHLQVIST For the Government of Finland.

SCHEDULE 'A'

EXPORTS FROM FINLAND

Goods and Commodities
Quantity or
Total value
1
2
3
Paper and pulp-making machinery
Wood working and plywood making machinery
Boiler plant
Pro memoria
Pro memoria
Pro memoria
4
Electricalequipment including turbines, electric
generators and electric motors of 30 hp. and above
Pro memoria
5
Newsprint and paper Of various kinds-
Newsprint
Cigarette paper in reels
Printing and writing paper containing wood free
pulp and less than 60% mechanical pulp
Raw paper for manufacture Of carbon paper
Other paper manufactures
Boards
.
12,000
100 tons
.
15,000
100 tons
Pro memoria
Pro memoria
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
Wall boards of the soft variety
Softwood (Sawn)
Prefabricated houses
Railway sleepers
Birch for manufacturing bobbins
Bobbins
Wood pulp (sulphite)
Acid proof valves
Sanitary ware
500 tons
10,000 standards
Pro memoria
850,000 pieces
500 tons
Pro memoria
6,000 tons
Pro memoria
Pro memoria

SCHEDULE 'B'

EXPORTS FROM INDIA

Goods and Commodities
Quantity or Total value
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
Tobacco
East India tanned kips
Manufactures of rubber including tyres and tubes
Spices
Jute goods
Tea
Coffee
Shellac
Coir yarn
Coir mats and mattings
Groundnuts and/or Ground oil
Castor oil
Linseed
Lir seed oil
Other vegetable oils
Cotton thread
200 tons
200 tons
Pro memoria.
£ 10,000
1,000 tons
1 00 tons
200 tons
50 tons
150 tons
Pro memoria.
2,200 tons in terms of oil.
30 tons
1,500 tons
1,500 tons
100 tons
150 tons
17
Chemical products-
Shark liver oil
Magllesium sulphate
Sodium bichromate
Magnesium chloride
Strychnine
Molphine
Naphthalene
Sodium bromide and Potassium bromide
Liquid bromine
Musk
.
2,000 gallons
500 tons
500 tons
500 tons
200 Ibs.
200 Ibs.
200 Ibs.
50 tons
20 tons
Pro memoria.
18
Drugs-
Nux vomica
Senna pods and leaves
Chirata
Gummi indicum
Indian squill (scillae)
.
50 tons
50 tons
50 tons
50 tons
25 tons
19
Essential oils
Pro memoria

DELHI,
The 9th May, 1949.

DEAR MR. DESAI,

With reference to our discussions on the Trade Agreement between Finland and India, it is clearly understood that the quantities or values mentioned in the Schedules attached to the Agreement are not binding in the sense that each Contracting Party is bound to supply to the other the goods and commodities mentioned in the Schedule up to the quantities and values shown against them. All that the Agreement implies is that provided contracts for the supply of goods and commodities up to the quantities and values mentioned in the Schedules are entered into by exporters and importers in the two countries, both the Contracting Parties are bound to issue the necessary export and import licences and accord other necessary facilities for effecting export and import in accordance with the laws and regulations of the country concerned, and whenever applications are made in conformity with these laws and regulations.

Yours sincerely,

(ERTC AHLQVIST)

C.C. DESAI, Esquire, Secretary to the Government of India, Ministry of Commerce, New Delhi.


No. 153-CA(2)/48-FTC.

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA

MINISTRY OF COMMERCE

New Delhi, the 9th May, 1949.

DEAR MR. AHEQVIST,

I write to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of today's date which reads as follows:

"With reference to our discussions on the Trade Agreement between Finland and India, it is clearly understood that the quantities or values mentioned in the Schedules attached to the Agreement are not binding in the sense that each Contracting Party is bound to supply to the other the goods and commodities mentioned ;n the Schedules up to the quantities and values shown against them. All that the agreement implies is that provided contracts for the supply of goods and commodities up to the quantities and values mentioned in the Schedules are entered into by exporters and importers in the two countries, both the Contracting Parties are bound to issue the necessary export and import licences and accord other necessary facilities for effecting export and import in accordance with the laws and regulations of the country concerned, and whenever applications are made in conformity with these laws and regulations."

The letter correctly sums up the result of discussions between the representatives of the Government of India and yourself.

Yours sincerely,

(C.C. DESAI)

ERIC AHLQVIST, Esquire, Maidens Hotel, Delhi.


No. 153-CA(2)-48-FTC

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA

MINISTRY OF COMMERCE

New Delhi, the 9th May, 1949.

DEAR MR. AHLQVIST,

With reference to our discussions on the Trade Agreement between India and Finland, it was agreed in principle that the Government of Finland would render all possible assistance to build up new, and improve existing Indian industries, particularly in the manufacture of paper, pulp and plywood and in woodwork and wood distillation. Contracts for this purpose may be made between the Government of India, Provincial Government or private parties on the one side and Finnish enterprises and individuals on the other. These contracts may provide inter alia for projects, drawings, transfer of patent rights and lending of expert personnel. In respect of the loan of expert personnel, it is understood that the contracts for such loans will be made between the party in India and the Finnish enterprise or individual concerned and the contracts for employment will be made between the party in India and the Finnish individual so lent. The Finnish Government will also give all possible assistance to secure available expert personnel.

Yours sincerely,

(C.C. DESAI)

ERIC AHLQVIS, Esquire, Maidens Hotel, Delhi.


DELHI, The 9th May, 1949.

DEAR MR. DESAI,

I write to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of today's date which reads as follows:

"With reference to our discussions on the Trade Agreement between India and Finland, it was agreed in principle that the Government of Finland would render all possible assistance to build up new, and improve existing Indian industries, particularly in the manufacture of paper, pulp and plywood and in woodwork and wood distillation. Contracts for this purpose may be made between the Government of India, Provincial Government or private parties on the one side and Finnish enterprises and individuals on the other. These contra,cts may provide inter alia for projects, drawings, transfer of patent rights and lending of expert personnel. In respect of the loan of expert personnel, it is understood that the contracts for such loans will be made between the party in India and the Finnish enterprise or individual concerned and the contracts for employment will be made between the party in India and the Finnish indivudual so lent. The Finnish Government will also give all possible assistance to secure available expert personnel." The letter correctly sums up the result of the discussions between myself and the representatives of the Government of India.

Yours sincerely,

(ERIC AHLQVIST)

C.C. DESAI, Esquire, Secretary, Commerce Ministry, New Delhi


The 9th May, 1949.

DELHI,

DEAR MR. DESAI,

During the course of the negotiations, representatives of the Government of India had stated that the major portion of India's requirements of plywood for tea chests for the year 1949 was already covered by existing commitments but that there was still an outstanding demand for plywood for approximately 3,50,000 tea chests. It was also stated that Finland would be afforded every opportunity to compete with the other countries in meeting this demand provided contracts were entered into direct between Finnish suppliers and Indian importers and not through intermediaries. In regard to the year 1950, the Government of India would examine the country's requirements of plywood for tea chests at a later date taking into account production in the country as also other relevant factors.

Yours sincerely,

AHLQVIST

C.C. DESAI, Esquire Secretary, Ministry of Commerce, New Delhi.


No. 153-CA(2)/48-FTC.

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA

MINISTRY OF COMMERCE

New Delhi, the 9th May, 1949.

DEAR MR. AHLQVIST,.

I write to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of today's date which reads as follows: "During the course of the negotiations, representatives of the Government of India had stated that the major portion of India's requirements of plywood for tea chests for the year 1949 was already covered by existing commitments but that there was still an outstanding demand for plywood for approximately 3,50,000 tea chests. It was also stated that Finland would be afforded every opportunity to compete with the other countries in meeting this demand provided contracts were entered into direct between Finnish suppliers and Indian importers and not through intermediaries. In regard to the year 1950, the Government of India would examine the country's requirements of plywood for tea chests at a later date taking into account production in the country as also other relevant factors." The letter correctly sums up the result of discussions between the representatives of the Government of India and yourself.

Yours sincerely,

(C.C. DESAI).

ERIC AHLQVIST, Esquire, Maidens Hotel, Delhi.


India Bilateral

Ministry of External Affairs, India


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