AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE REPUBLIC OF TURKEY AND THE REPUBLIC OF INDIA CONCERNING CULTURAL RELATIONS
Ankara, 29 June 1951
The President of the Republic of Turkey and The President of India, Conscious of many centuries of cultural relations between Turkey
and India, Inspired by a common desire to establish and develop closer cultural relations in the future in the spirit of the United
Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, and Desirous of promoting and developing in every possible way and on
a sound basis such relations and understanding between the two countries, especially in the realm of science and education, Have
decided to conclude a Cultural Agreement and to this end have appointed as their plenipotentiaries:
- The President of the Republic of Turkey:
- His Excellency Prof. Dr. Fuad Koprulu,
Deputy of Istanbul Minister of Foreign Affairs
- The President of India:
- The Honorable Maulana Abul Kalam Azad,
Minister for Education
who having examined each other's credentials and found them good and in due form have agreed as follows:
The two Governments declare their desire and willingness for the exchange of University teachers and members of scientific and cultural
It is the desire of each Government to institute scholarships to enable its students to pursue their studies in institutions situated
in the territory of the other Government. Such studies may be pursued in any subject, scientific, technical, or otherwise.
Each Government will receive, as far as its own resources and requirements may permit, employees of the other Government, or any other
persons deputed by that Government, for training in its scientific, technical and industrial institutions.
The two Governments will welcome the establishment of cultural institutes in each other's territory subject to the laws governing
the establishment of such institutes in that territory and the general policy of that Government. By the term "cultural institute"
is meant educational centres, libraries, scientific institutions of an educational nature, and institutions for the promotion of
art, such as art galleries, art centres and societies, and film libraries.
The two Governments will strive to promote cultural and intellectual exchange between the two countries by arranging concerts, lectures,
art and scientific exhibitions, by organizing visits of students, by encouraging collaboration between scientific, artistic and literary
societies and other organizations devoted to the promotion of learning, by establishing chairs in Universities or other institutions
of higher learning for the teaching of subjects pertaining to each other's country, by diffusion of books and periodicals, by exhibition
of films, by exchange of archaeological specimens and "objets d'art" and through broadcasts on the radio.
The two Governments will encourage, as far as possible, sports competitions between their respective nationals and collaboration between
their scout organizations.
The two Governments will, so far as it lies within their power, ensure that text-books prescribed for educational institutions do
not contain any errors or misrepresentations about each other's country.
The question of "equivalence" of diplomas and degrees will be the subject of thorough and periodical studies by the two
The two Governments pledge themselves to take all appropriate measures and to provide all possible facilities for giving effect to
the terms of this Agreement.
For the purpose of carrying out the terms of this Agreement, either Government may, if necessary, agree to set up a special Commission
composed, in Turkey, of the Minister in charge of Foreign Affairs and the Head of the Indian Diplomatic Mission, and, in India, of
the Minister in charge of Education and the Head of the Turkish Diplomatic Mission, with such advisers as may be nominated by either
member of the Commission with the object of:
(a) watching the working of the Agreement in the country concerned;
(b) advising the Governments concerned on the detailed manner of carrying out the Agreement;
(c) making recommendations for the selection of personnel regarding exchange of professors, students, etc.; and
(d) generally advising the Governments concerned as to the manner in which the working of the Agreement could be improved upon. At
intervals of not less than once in three years the two Governments will hold joint consultations to co-ordinate the working of the
Agreement in the two countries and invite suggestions and advice from co-operating agencies as to the steps that may be deemed necessary
for a more effective implementation of this Agreement.
The present Agreement shall be ratified with the least possible delay. The Agreement will come into force fifteen days after the exchange
of instruments of ratification which will take place in New Delhi.
The Agreement will remain in force for a period of ten years. It can be terminated by either party giving a minimum of six months'
notice before the expiry of this period. Otherwise, it shall remain in force thereafter until such time as either party terminates
it by giving six months' notice.
IN FAITH WHEREOF, the said plenipotentiaries have signed the present Agreement in the English language.
DONE in duplicate at Ankara this twenty-ninth day of June 1951.
For the President of the Republic of Turkey:
F. KOPRULU Deputy of Istanbul, Minister of Foreign Affairs
For the President of India:
A.K. AZAD Minister of Education.