TREATY OF FRIENDSHIP BETWEEN THE REPUBLIC OF INDIA AND THE REPUBLIC OF TURKEY
Ankara, 14 December 1951
THE PRESIDENT OF INDIA AND THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF TURKEY
Recognising the ancient ties of friendship which have happily existed between the two countries; and, Desiring to co-operate in developing
and perpetuating these ties in the interests of international peace and in the spirit of the Charter of the United Nations;
Have decided to enter into a Treaty of Friendship with each other, and, to this end, have appointed as their Plenipotentiaries,
- THE PRESIDENT OF INDIA
- His Excellency C.S. Jha,
Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
- THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF TURKEY:
- His Excellency Professor Doctor Fuad Koprulu,
Deputy of Istanbul, Minister of Foreign Affairs
who, having examined each other's credentials and found them in good and due form, have agreed as follows: Article 1 There shall be
perpetual peace and friendship between the Republic of India and the Republic of Turkey.
The High Contracting Parties shall at all times strive to maintain and strengthen such peace and friendship and to promote and deepen
the cordial relations between the peoples of their respective countries.
The High Contracting Parties agree to maintain diplomatic and consular relations with each other by means of diplomatic representatives
and through consular representatives who shall reside in such towns, ports and other places in each other's territory as may be agreed
to. Such diplomatic and consular representatives shall have, on a reciprocal basis, the privileges and immunities customarily accorded
to such representatives under International Law, and shall enjoy, also on a reciprocal basis, the same privileges and immunities
as accorded to such representatives of any other State.
The High Contracting Parties agree to strengthen and develop cultural ties between their respective countries and to assist each other
as far as possible in industrial and agricultural progress.
The nationals of each High Contracting Party shall have, on a reciprocal basis, in the territory of the other, subject to the laws
and rules in force in that territory, the right of establishing themselves and of residence, going from and coming to and moving
freely within that territory.
The nationals of each High Contracting Party shall have, in the territory of the other, the right of access to the law courts and
the assistance of the judicial machinery in the same way as the nationals of that Party.
The High Contracting Parties agree to conduct their commercial relations as well as those pertaining to customs, navigation, aviation,
cultural affairs, extradition, and other matters of interest to both countries, in accordance with such specia.1 agreements as may
be already in operation or may be concluded hereafter between them.
The High Contracting Parties agree to settle all disputes between them through ordinary diplomatic channels and if no settlement is
reached within a reasonable period, by such other peaceful means as both Parties may deem most suitable.
Any dispute arising out of the interpretation of this Treaty shall be settled in the first instance, by negotiations, and if nv settlement
is reached within a reasonable period, in such manner as may be agreed upon.
The present Treaty shall be ratified at the earliest possible date in accordance with the constitutional processes of the High Contracting
Parties and shall come into force fifteen days after the exchange of the instruments of ratification which shall take place as soon
as possible at New Delhi.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF the aforesaid Plenipotentiaries have signed the present Treaty of which there shall also be a Hindi and a Turkish
version, all three texts being equally authentic except in the case of doubt when the English text shall prevail.
DONE in duplicate at Ankara this fourteenth day of December nineteen hundred and fifty-one.
For the President of India:
(Signed) C.S. JHA
Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary [SEAL]
For the President of the Republic of Turkey:
(Signed) Fuad KOPRULU
Deputy of Istanbul Minister of Foreign Affairs [SEAL]