TREATY OF FRIENDSHIP AND COMMERCE BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENT OF INDIA AND THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF SYRIA
New Delhi, 25 February 1952
The Government of India and the Government of the Republic of Syria being equally desirous to strengthen and develop the traditional
bonds of friendship existing between them and urged by a common desire to co-operate in establishing peace between the two countries
for promoting the prosperity and welfare of their respective peoples have resolved to conclude a Treaty of Friendship and Commerce
and to this end have appointed as their Plenipotentiaries,
- THE GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
- The Honourable Jawaharlal Nehru,
Prime Minister and Minister for External Affairs,
- THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF SYRIA
- His Excellency Dr. Najib Armanazi India,
Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of Syria
who having examined each other's credentials and.found them good and in due form have agreed as follows:—
The two Governments recognize and respect the independence and rights of each other.
There shall be perpetual peace and friendship between the Government of India and the Government of the Republic of Svria.
In order to secure and improve the relations mentioned in Article 2, the Contracting Parties agree to the appointment of Diplomatic
Representatives at the capitals of the two countries, and Consular Representatives as may be necessary and at such places as may
be agreed upon. Each Party shall grant to such Representatives of the other Party such privileges and immunities as are accorded
under International Law, so however that neither Party shall deny to any Diplomatic or Consular Representative of the other Party
any special privileges and immunities which it grants to the Diplomatic and Consular Representatives of a similar status of any other
The two Governments agree to strengthen and develop cultural ties between their respective countries and to assist in each other's
industrial and agricultural progress.
The two Contracting Parties shall maintain and develop mutually advantageous commercial and trade relations and to this end have agreed
on the following:—
(a) The exchange of commodities between India and Syria shall be carried out in accordance with the import and export regulations
in force in the two countries.
(b) The Government of India and the Government of the Republic of Syria will extend to the traders of each country all facilities
for furtherance of trade within the framework of their regulations during the validity of this Treaty.
(c) Commercial transactions commenced before the coming into force of the present Treaty and not completed during the period of validity
of the Treaty will be settled in accordance with the regulations current in the two countries relating to such operations.
(d) The Contracting Parties will assist in furthering the trade between the two countries to the maximum extent possible specifically
in respect of the commodities included in Schedules A and B of the exportable goods which are not exhaustive and to which additions
or alterations may be made by mutual consent. For this purpose two Schedules A and B of exportable goods from both the countries
Any differences arising out of interpretation or implementation of this Treaty shall be settled by negotiations through the ordinaIy
Diplomatic channels. In case an agreement is not reached within a reasonable period of time the matter shall be referred to arbitration
with the consent of the two Governments.
The present Treaty shall be ratified and shall come into force on the date on which the instruments of ratification are exchanged.
Instruments of ratification shall be exchanged at New Delhi as soon as possible. This Treaty shall be valid for a period of three
years commencing from the date of its execution according to this Article and shall thereafter continue in force: Provided that after
the expiry of the said three years either Government may give to the other not less than six months notice of its desire to end the
Treaty and on expiry of the period of such notice the Treaty shall cease to be in force.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the said Plenipotentiaries have signed the present Treaty in English, Arabic and Hindi, all three texts being
equally authentic except in the case of doubt when the English text shall prevail.
DONE in duplicate at New Delhi this twenty-fifth day of February 1952 A.D. corresponding to the twenty-eighth day of Jamadi-ul- Awwal
For the Government of India:
(Signed) JAWAHARLAL NEHRU
Prime Minister and Minister for External Affairs
For the Government of the Republic of Syria
(Signed ) NAJIB ARMANAZI
Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of Syria in India
INDIA'S EXPORTABLE COMMODITIES
(1)Tea. (2) Jute manufactures. (3) cotton yarn. (4) crepe soles. (5) Heavy hides. (6) Henna powder. 7) Cocoanut fibres. castor oil.
(g) Rubber tyres and tubes. (10) Leather goods (leather bag and suit cases, etc.) (11) Rubber goods (hot water bottles, rubber sheets
and hoqpital accessories like hand gloves, etc (12) soap. (13) Manufactures of steel (such as steel almirahs, steel furniture, etc.)
(14) Cotton piecegoods.
SYRIA's EXPORTABLE COMMODITIES
(1) Dried fruits. (2) Light hides (Cow hides 25 lbs. and below, wet, salted and also corresponding weights in other cures). (3) coarse
grain (grain and pulseo millet and gram and lentils). (4) Silk cocoons. (5) Raw cotton. (6) Cheese (cheddar type, white and yellow
variety). (7) Fire bricks. (8) Emery. (9) Sulphur. (10) Copper. (11) Quicksilver. ( 12) Olive oil in tins. (13) wax (Carnauba) used
for the manufacture of polish.