TREATY OF FRIENDSHIP BETWEEN THE REPUBLIC OF INDIA AND THE REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
Manila, 11 JULY 1952
The Republic of India and the Republic of the Philippines animated by the desire to strengthen and perpetuate the friendly relations
60 happily existing between them, by means of formal provisions designed to fortify their spiritual, cultural and economic ties,
have resolved to conclude a Treaty of Friendship and, to that end, have appointed as their respective plenipotentiaries:—
- His Excellency the President of India:
- His Excellency Mirza Rashid Ali Baig,
Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of India in Manila;
- His Excellency the President of the Philippines:
- His Excellency Joaquin M. Elizalde,
Secretary of Foreign Affairs;
Who, after communicating to each other their respective full powers, found in good and due form, have agreed upon the following articles:—
There shall be perpetual peace and everlasting amity between the Republic of India and the Republic of the Philippines and their peoples.
Should any dispute arise between the two High Contracting Parties which cannot satisfactorily be adjusted by diplomacy, or through
mediation or arbitration, the Parties shall not use force for settlement, but shall refer the dispute to the International Court
of Justice for final adjudication. This undertaking shall not however apply to disputes relating to matters which are essentially
within the domestic jurisdiction of one of the High Contracting Parties. If the Parties cannot agree as to whether the dispute is
international in character or is exclusively within the domestic jurisdiction of one of the High Contracting Parties, the question
of jurisdiction shall be submitted for decision to the International Court of Justice, unless the parties agree to have the question
decided by other means.
Each High Contracting Party shall endeavour to accredit to the Other, subject to its approval, diplomatic representatives, who, after
having been recognised and accepted, shall enjoy during the term of their respective missions, on the basis of reciprocity, the rights,
privileges and immunities generally recognised under international law and usage.
Each of the High Contracting Parties shall have the right to send to the Other, Consuls General, Consuls, Vice Consuls, and Consular
Agents, who after being received and duly recognised whether by exequaturs or otherwise, shall be permitted to reside in the territories
of the Other in such places as may be agreed upon by the High Contracting Parties. Consular officers of each of the High Contracting
Parties shall, after entering upon their duties, enjoy reciprocally in the territory of the Other all the rights, privileges, exemptions
and immunities which are accorded to officers of their status and rank in accordance with the generally accepted principles of international
law and usage.
The nationals of each of the High Contracting Parties within the territories of the Other shall be permitted to enjoy reciprocally
the right to acquire, possess and dispose of movable and immovable property, to travel, to reside and to engage in trade, industry
and other peaceful and lawful pursuits, subject always, to the constitution, laws and regulations promulgated, or which may hereafter
be promulgated by the Other.
The High Contracting Parties agree to conclude as soon as practicable a comprehensive treaty or treaties of commerce and navigation,
consular right and privileges, copyrights and patents and all other matters of common interest to both the parties.
This Treaty shall be subject to ratification by the High Contracting Parties in accordance with their respective constitutional procedures.
It shall enter into force upon the exchange of the instruments of ratification, which shall take place at Manila (Philippines) and
shall thereafter remain in force unless and until terminated by one year's written notice on either side.
IN FAITH WHEREOF, the Plenipotentiaries of the High Contracting Parties have signed the present treaty and have hereunto affixed their
DONE in duplicate in the English and Hindi languages in Manila this 11th day of July of the One Thousand Nine Hundred and Fifty Second
Year Anno Domini; and of the Independence of the Philippines, the seventh.
For the Republic of the Philippines:
(Signed) JOAQUIN M. ELIZALDE.
For the Republic of India:
(Signed ) MIRZA RASHID ALI BAIG.