AGREEMENT ON THE CANADA-INDIA COLOMBO PLAN ATOMIC REACTOR PROJECT
New Delhi, 28 April 1956
The Government of Canada and the Government of India, desiring to conclude an agreement concerning the Canadian Government's contribution
under the Colombo Plan, have agreed as follows
As part of its contribution under the Colombo Plan, the Government of Canada will provide an NRX atomic research and experimental
reactor to the Government of India.
The Government of India will make the facilities of the reactor available to scientists approved by the Government of India from other
countries including Colombo Plan countries in South and Southeast Asia.
The Government of India will ensure that the reactor and any products resulting from its use will be employed for peaceful purposes
The contribution of the Government of Canada will comprise the external costs of designing the reactor, the rotunda, all auxiliary
services within the rotunda and the specific auxiliary equipment set out in the annex. It will also include the external costs of
manufacturing or procuring the reactor and the auxiliary equipment set out in the annex, together with the external costs of the
supervision of their installation and erection.
The Government of India will provide the site for the reactor. It will also be responsible for the foundation work, for constructing
the buildings and for supplying the specific auxiliary equipment set out in the annex. The Government of India will provide all mechanical,
electrical, administrative and other services and facilities required at the site. In accordance with normal Colombo Plan practice
the Government of India will be responsible for providing local labour and materials as required. The Government of India, following
past practices in relation to Colombo Plan shipments from Canada, will arrange for shipment and bear freight charges and will arrange
for and assume the cost of insurance on any equipment and materials destined for the project or will bear the cost of replacement
in the event of loss.
The distribution of the various costs between Canada and India will be in accordance with the understanding reached between representatives
of the two Governments, which is recorded in the annex.
The annex to this agreement may be amended from time to time in ways not inconsistent with the agreement by letters exchanged between
the High Commissioner for Canada in India and the Department of Atomic Energy of India.
The Government of Canada will provide such training as is practicable for the staff of the reactor.
The Government of Canada will provide at the site during the construction period and for the initial period of operation such technical
experts as may be required from Canada.
In order to ensure that all phases of the project are effectively coordinated, the Canadian engineering and supervisory authorities
responsible for designing and installing the reactor will also supervise all other aspects of the work and will be responsible for
the inspection and acceptance of all work undertaken at the site including the erection of the reactor and the construction of the
rotunda. All related auxiliary equipment and its installation will also be subject to inspection and acceptance by these authorities.
It is the intention of both Governments that the fuel elements for the initial fuel charge and for. the continuing requirements of
the reactor will be supplied from Canada save to the extent that India provides them from sources within India. Arrangements for
the provision of the fuel elements to India from Canada will be agreed upon by the two Governments before the reactor is ready to
operate; if an international agency acceptable to both Governments has come into being or is in prospect at that time, the terms
of such agreement will be in keeping with the principles of that agency.
This agreement takes the place of all previous agreements and understandings on this matter between the two Governments or between
officials of the two Governments.
The present agreement shall enter into force on the date of signature. IN WITNESS WHEREOF the undersigned being duly authorised by
their respective Governments have signed the present agreement and have affixed thereto their seals. DONE in duplicate at New Delhi
this twenty-eighth day of April, 1956, in the English language.
(Sd.) Escow REID
On behalf of the Government of Canada
(Sd.) JAWAHARLAL NEHRU
High Commissioner Prime Minister
On behalf of the Government of India