AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENT OF INDIA AND THE GOVERNMENT OF THE UNION OF SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLICS ON DELIVERY AS A GIFT TO INDIA
FROM THE SOVIET UNION OF EQUIPMENT FOR THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, BOMBAY, AND ON RENDERING OF ASSISTANCE BY THE SOVIET UNION
TO INDIA IN THE TRAINING OF ENGINEERS
Moscow, 12 December 1958
The Government of India and the Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics,
Proceeding from the friendly relations existing between the two countries, and
Guided by the desire further to develop economic cooperation between India and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics,
Have agreed upon the following :
The Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, in response to the desire of the Government of India, shall deliver free
of charge as a gift to India from the Soviet Union in 1959- 60 equipment for the Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay-laboratories
of Physics, Electrical engineering, Radio engineering and Television, Electronic devices, Geodesy and Central Scientific and Technological
techniques-arnounting to a sum of three million roubles in accordance with lists agreed upon between V/0 TECHNOEXPORT and the Indian
Institute of Technology, Bombay, in addition to the equipment being supplied fbr~ this Institute from out of the Soviet contribution
to the UNO Fund under the Expanded Programme of Technical Assistance of UNESCO.
The equipment despatched in accordance with the present Agreement to the port of Bombay will be accepted by the authorized Indian
organizations on the premises of the Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay.
The acceptance of the aforesaid equipment by the Indian Party shall be set forth in appropriate documents by the authorized Indian
and Soviet organizations.
It shall be the responsibility of the authorized Indian organizations to procure import licences, attend to the necessary customs
formalities and arrange at their cost and with their means the unloading from ships and transport of the aforesaid equipment from
the port of Bombay to the place of its installation in the Institute, and also to pay any customs duties, taxes or any other charges
that may be levied on it in India.
If at the time of the acceptance of the aforesaid equipment by the Indian organizations any breakages or defects are discovered that
have occurred through no fault of the Indian organisations, the Soviet organizations shall undertake to remove these defects or replace
the equipment or its component parts, as the case may be, at their own cost.
The Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics will assist the Government of India in the training of engineers for which
the Soviet organizations shall :
accept at the expense of the Soviet Party in higher educational establishments of the Soviet Union 50 Indian specialists for the raising
of their qualifications;
depute to India, in accordance with the wishes of the Indian party, Soviet professors and teachers in specified fields in numbers,
on conditions and for periods to be agreed upon by the authorized Indian and Soviet organizations;
secure, at their own expense, translation into the English language of Soviet text-books in certain fields of knowledge for higher
educational establishments with the object of subsequent publication in India by organizations designated by the Government of India.
The number and time of publication of the aforesaid text-books shall be agreed upon by the Indian and Soviet organizations within
a period of three months.
The specific terms and conditions for rendering the technical assistance envisaged in the present Article shall be incorporated in
contracts to be entered into by the Indian and Soviet organizations concerned.
The present Agreement shall come into force on the date of its signature.
DONE in duplicate, in the English and Russian languages, both texts being equally authentic, in Moscow, this 12th day of December,
one thousand nine hundred fifty-eight.
Sd/- K.P.S. MENON.
On behalf of the Government of India
On behalf of the Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
OF THE CONFERENCE OF THE REPRESENTATIVES OF THE MINISTRY OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH AND CULTURAL AFFAIRS OF INDIA, THE MINISTRY OF HIGHER
EDUCATION OF THE USSR AND V/0 "TECHNOEXPORT". The participants of the conference are :
On the Indian Side : Mr. G.K. Chandiramani, Joint Secretary to the Government of India, Ministry of Scientific Research and Cultural Affairs, and Brig.
S.K. Bose, Director-Designate of the Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay;
On the Soviet Side : Deputy Minister of Higher Education of the USSR, S.V. Rumiantsev; Members of the Collegium of the Ministry of Higher Education
of the USSR, N.S. Torocheschnikov and A.A. Nesterov; Deputy Head of the Main Directorate for Materials and Equipment, Ministry of
Higher Education of the USSR, A.N. Rublev; Prof. V.S. Martynovsky; Vice-Chairman of V/0 "Technoexport", A.M.. Zemtsev and
staff members of V/0 "Techno export", V.G. Prokofiev and B.P. Panteleev.
1. In the period from November 21 to December 12 representatives of the Ministry of Scientific Research and Cultural Affairs of India,
the Ministry of Higher Education of the USSR and V/0 "Teehnoexport" considered the following items :
(a) delivery of equipment for the Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay, as a gift to India from the Soviet Union amounting to a
sum of 3,000,000 Roubles;
(b) deputation to India of Soviet professors and teachers to work at higher educational institutions in India;
(c) acceptance of Indian specialists at higher educational institutions of the USSR for raising their qualifications;
(d) publication in India of Soviet text-books in certain fields of knowledge for higher education.al institutions of India.
2. During the discussion of the question concerning the supply of equipment for a sum of 3,000,000 roubles for the Indian Institute
of Technology, Bombay, as a gift from the Soviet Union the following was agreed upon :
(a) equipment will be provided for the following laboratories of the Institute
1. Physics /T-9/
2. Electrical Engineering /E-4,5/
3. Radio-Engineering and Television /E-3/
4. Electronic Devices /E-2/ additionally to the equipment supplied through UNESCO.
6. Central Laboratory for Scientific and Technological Research.
Due to the delivery of equipment for the aforesaid laboratories, there is no need for the delivery of equipment through UNESCO for
laboratories E-3; E-4,5; T-9 and Central Laboratory for Scientific Research except for some special items of equipment for these
laboratories requested by the Indian Side but not included in the 3 million roubles gift.
(a) Taking into consideration that the Laboratory of Fundamentals of Electrical Engineering E-4,5 will be supplied to the Institute
as a gift from the Soviet Union, both Sides have agreed to adhere to the decision, incorporated in paragraph 4 of the Protocol of
the conference of representatives of the Ministry of Higher Education of the USSR, V/0 "Technoexport", the Ministry of
Scientific Research and Cultural Affairs of India and UNESCO held in May 1958, regarding the orders for the delivery of equipment
in 1959 through UNESCO namely the equipment needed to complete the laboratories: T-10, T-12, T-13, M-2 and M-10. The Indian Side
has informed UNESCO accordingly.
(b) Due to the fact that part of equipment which was to be delivered to the Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay through UNESCO
will be given to the Institute as a gift from the Soviet Union, both Sides deem it expedient to define the list of equipment to be
included into UNESCO deliveries (for a sum of 10 million roubles).
(c) Both sides agreed to exclude from the purchase orders issued earlier by UNESCO various items of equipment, which have become obsolete
or are not being manufactured at the present time in the USSR, estimated to cost 453,160 roubles, in accordance with Appendix I This
action is in pursuance of the condition 2 recorded in Appendix 2 to the Protocol of May 16, 1958 .
The Indian side agreed to take the necessary steps wit UNESCO in regard to the exclusion from purchase orders issued earlier of the
items of equipment contained in Appendix 11.
(d) It was agreed that in place of the excluded items, UNESCO be requested to supply equipment needed for the laboratories of Refrigeration
and Air Conditioning, Heat Power, and Metallurgy. The Soviet side will coordinate with the Indian side, as soon as possible, the
list of equipment, which can be supplied for the above mentioned laboratories.
(e) To ensure that the order for equipment to be supplied in 1960 for the Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay, is placed by UNESCO
in time, it was agreed that the Indian side will send to the Soviet side in January 1959 a list of laboratories for which delivery
of equipment in 1960 is desired and that the Soviet side will convey to the Indian side before March 1, 1959 its suggestions in regard
to the equipment for the laboratories named. The suggestion will take into account the desire expressed by the Indian side to receive
from the USSR equipment for the laboratories of the Civil Engineering Department. The Indian side stated that after receiving the
suggestions of the Soviet side in regard to deliveries of equipment for 1960, it will decide on the order for 1960 before May 1,
1959 and will inform the Soviet side of their decision. The formal orders will, however, be placed by UNESCO in the usual manner.
(f) The Indian side informed the Soviet side, that it has received the documents concerning 92 items of equipment which are to be
made in India; this is in accord with the agreement recorded in Appendix 2 to the Protocol of May 16, 1958.
3. The Indian side requested that 54 professors and teachers knowing English, from the USSR be sent to India to work for 2 to 3 years
in higher educational institutions there. The list of special fields, the number of teachers and their places of work are given in
Appendix 11. Both sides agreed that the majority of the teachers from the USSR should be sent to India by July, 1959 and the remainder
The Soviet side stated that it will take measures to select-teachers to be sent to India, knowing English. However in case a specialist
knowing English is not available, the Indian side will decide whether an interpreter can be attached to the Soviet specialist.
The Soviet side agreed to furnish the Indian side with necessary information in regard to the scientific qualifications of the professors
and teachers whom they intend to send for work in Indian Higher Educational Institutions, so that the Indian side is able to consult
with the institutions concerned about making the best use of the Soviet specialists.
The Indian side will inform the Soviet side, within 2 months from the receipt of the particulars, about the possibility of making
use of the Soviet professors and teachers suggested and in doing so will give the names of the institutions where they will be required
The Indian side agreed to supply the necessary information concerning the nature of work to be done by the specialists in each one
of the Indian institutions.
The Soviet side has expressed the wish that in the cities with hot climate, which will be unusual for the Soviet teachers, at least
one of the bed rooms in their apartments should be provided with air conditioning.
While discussing the question involving the deputation of Soviet professors and teachers to work in India, the Indian Side stated
that it was their understanding that all expenses for the services of Soviet professors and teachers to be deputed to India would
be borne by the Soviet side. The Indian side further informed that payment of salaries to professors and teachers obtained from other
countries by agreement or under programmes of international organisations is made by the countries or organisation concerned, while
the Indian side provides these persons with free furnished accommodation or makes a cash payment in lieu thereof.
On the other hand the Soviet side stated that the payment of salaries to Soviet professors and teachers in India was envisaged to
be borne by Indian Organisations or by Government of India.
The Soviet side further informed the Indian side that the practice adopted by the USSR in directing specialists to work at Higher
Educational Institutions in other countries was that the countries which invite Soviet specialists to work at their Institutions
take upon themselves the payment for their services.
Both sides agreed to inform their respective Governments of the position with a view to resolving the question of the Soviet professors'
and teachers' work in India.
4. The Indian side stated that it intends to depute to the USSR, in the course of 1959, 50 specialists of the following two categories
(a) graduates of higher educational institutions of India having some experience in industry, scientific research or teaching who
have shown an inclination for scientific work to be trained in the USSR for a period of 2-3 years with the object of obtaining the
Candidate of Sciences degree;
(b) teachers of special technical subjects and specialists in the Russian language, having some experience in teaching with the object
of improving their scientific qualifications, to be trained for a period of 2 years.
The Soviet side expressed its readiness to accept in 1959 the above mentioned 50 specialists for raising their qualifications at the
Institutions of the USSR. A list of subjects in which the specialists of India are to work in the USSR is given in Appendix 3.
The Soviet side informed the Indian side that according to the practice-adopted in the USSR the specialists accepted in the USSR for
improving their qualifications are accommodated in hostels;
Post-graduates are given a stipend of 1000 roubles a month, and specialists who are sent for raising their qualifications are paid
at the rate of 1500 roubles a month.
Besides the above, provision will be made to pay a sum of 800 roubles a year for the purchase of books. Those, who need it, may be
provided with a lump sum allowance of 3000 roubles for the purchase of necessary winter clothing, as well as with accommodation at
sanatoria and rest homes, if the trainee should spend his vacation in the USSR. After finishing their period of studies, the Indian
trainees' return-trip to Delhi will be paid for by the Soviet side.
5. In order to provide technological institutions in India with text-books and manuals, the Soviet side has given the Indian Side
a list of books extensively used at higher educational institutions of the USSR, for their possible publication in India, and the
Indian side, on the other hand, has submitted to the Soviet side a list of books, which also, in its opinion, it would be useful
to translate into English and publish in India.
The Indian side has informed the Soviet side that within a period of 3 months it would forward its final proposals regarding the books
included in the lists which may be published. Thereafter both sides will coordinate the final list of text-books and manuals to be
published in India.
The contracts for the publication in India of text-books that have to be translated by the Soviet side into English, to be concluded
by V/0 "MezhdunarodnaJa Kniga" with Indian Publishers, will be drawn up in consultation with organisations authorised in
this behalf by the Government of India. The prices at which the Soviet text-books will be sold by the publishers will be fixed by
the organisations authorized by the Government of India in consultation with V/0 "Mezhdunarodnaja Kniga".
In case the Government of India so desires, all or any of the text-books may be published by it, and in this event the copyright on
the territory of India for the publication of such text-books will vest in the Government of India.
The Protocol has been drawn up in three copies each in the English and Russian languages and signed in Moscow on the 12th of December
Representative of the Ministry of Scientific Research and Cultural Affairs of India.
Sd/- G.K. CHANDIRAMANI
Representative of the Ministry of Higher Education of the USSR.
Representative of V/0 "Technoexport"
TABLE SHOWING THE REQUIREMENTS OF RUSSIAN PROFESSORS IN INDIA
(Total number 54)
INDIAN TRAINEES FOR 1959
(Total Number 50)
NOTE: As regards the last 3 items the Indian side will provide the Soviet side with detailed specifications of the subjects involved.
Thereafter the Soviet Side will inform the Indian Side of the possibility of accepting specialists in the given fields of knowledge
for improving their qualifications at higher educational institutions or scientific establishments in the USSR.