New Delhi, 5 October 1962
EMBASSY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
The Embassy of the United States of America presents its compliments to the Ministry of External Affairs, and has the honor to refer
to the International Indian Ocean Expedition, hereinafter referred to as the Expedition, to the decision of the Government of India
to establish an International Meteorological Centre at Bombay (as a Division of the Institute of Tropical Meteorology) to serve the
Expedition, and to the decision of the Government of the United States of America to participate in the Expedition.
The purpose of the Meteorological portion of the Expedition is to collect extensive meteorological data including those of a type
hither to unavailable over the Indian Ocean area and adjoining lands. With the help of those data, a study will be made of the large-scale
atmospheric circulation, weather, and the Inter-action between ocean and atmosphere over this region. Results are expected to include
better understanding of atmospheric processes leading to improved weather forecasting methods and techniques.
In view of the mutual benefit which it is anticipated would result, the Government of the United States of America wishes to participate
with the Government of India in a meteorological program in accordance with the following principles :
1. Co-operating Agencies : The cooperating agencies shall be (1) for the Government of the United States of America, the National Science Foundation, hereinafter
referred to as the United States Co-operating Agency and (2) for the Government of India, the Indian Meteorological Department, hereinafter
referred to as the Indian Co-operating Agency.
2. General Purposes : The general purposes of the present Agreement shall be to provide some of the means for the effective operation of the International
Meteorological Centre, Bombay which has the following functions:
(a) Receiving and where necessary retransmitting by radio and mail, all available synoptic weather reports from the Indian Ocean
region for the duration of the main period of Expedition activity (1963 and 1964).
(b) Providing special weather and sea forecasts for all Expedition ships.
(c) Serving as a base for the Expedition's meteorological research.
(d) Providing special training for expedition meteorological observers and technicians and maintaining strict quality control over
the observations during the Expedition period.
(e) Training students in modern operational and research techniques in meteorology.
(f) Maintaining effective Liaison with representatives of other disciplines in the Expedition and with various meteorological agencies.
3. Title to Property : For the duration of the project, title to all equipment purchased with funds supplied by the United States Co-operating Agency
shall remain vested in that Agency and title to all equipment supplied by the Indian Co-operating Agency shall remain vested in that
4. Expenditures: All expenditures incurred by the United States Co-operating Agency shall be paid directly by the Government of the United States
of America, and all expenditures incident to the obligations assumed by the Indian Co-operating Agency shall be paid by the Government
5. Exemption from Duties and Taxes : All equipment and supplies imported into India by the United States Co-operating Agency for use in the Expedition, either within India
or in other places, shall be admitted and may be re-exported free of customs, import or export duties unless any part of this equipment
is transferred to the Indian Co-operating Agency for the continuance of its scientific activities. The director of the United States
meteorology program for the Expedition and other employees of the Government of the United States, whose services may be provided
by the United States Co-operating Agency for the purpose of the present Agreement, shall be exempt from all .Indian income taxes
and social security taxes, Each of such employees shall also be exempt from the payment of customs and import duties on household
goods and personal effects, equipment and supplies imported into India for his own use or that of members of his immediate family.
6. Term : The agreement shall remain in effect through March 31, 1965 and may be continued in force for additional periods by written agreement
to that effect by the two Governments, but either Government may terminate the present agreement by giving to the e Government notice
in writing sixty days in advance. Participation on the part of either Government in the project contemplated by the present Agreement
shall be subject to the availability of funds appropriated by the legislative bodies of the respective Governments.
If the above proposal meets with the approval of the Government of India, the Embassy would appreciate receiving a reply to that
effect in order that the technical details may be arranged by officials of the two Co-operating Agencies, and a Memorandum of Arrangement
embodying those technical details be signed. This Embassy suggests that this note and the reply thereto accepting the aforementioned
principles be considered as constituting an agreement between the two Governments concerning this matter. Such agreement to come
into effect on October 1, 1962. It is understood that the Memorandum of Arrangement may be amended at any time by concurrence of
the two Co-operating Agencies.
The Embassy avails itself of this opportunity to renew the assurances of its highest consideration. E mbassy of the United States of America New Delhi, September 28, 1962
MINISTRY OF EXTERNAL AFFAIRS
No. F. UI/351-62/62 Dated 5th October, 1962
The Ministry of External Affairs presents its compliments to the Embassy of United States of America and with reference to latter's
note No. 193 dated the 28th September, 1962 has the honour to say that the Government of India agree to collaborate with the United
States Government in research at the International Meteorological Centre at Colaba Observatory, Bombay in connection with the International
Indian Ocean Expedition on the terms and conditions specified in the note referred to above except that the following will be added
at the end of para 5 of the note :
"at the time of the first installation of his family; provided that duty shall be payable in respect of such articles -if they ~
are disposed of in India without the permission of the Government of India at the termination of the assignment of the person concerned
with the Expedition".
The Ministry avails itself of this opportunity to renew the assurances of its highest consideration.
[SEAL] The Embassy of the United States of America,
EMBASSY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
October 9, 1962
The Embassy of the United States of America presents its compliments to the Ministry of External Affairs and with reference to the
latter's note No. F.UI/351-62/62 dated 5 October, 1962 has the honour to state that the Embassy agrees to the inclusion of the words:
"at the time of the first installation of his family; provided that duty shall be payable in respect of such articles if they are
disposed of in India without the permission of the Government of India at the termination of the assignment of the person concerned
with the Expedition," at the end of paragraph five of the Embassy's note No. 193, September 28, 1962.
The Embassy avails itself of this opportunity to renew the assurances of its highest consideration.
AGREEMENT RELATING TO THE AGREEMENT OF 5 OCTOBER, 1962
NEW DELHI, 23 APRIL 1963
The American Embassy to the Ministry of External Affairs of India
EMBASSY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
The Embassy of the United States of America presents its compliments to the Ministry of External Affairs and has the honor to refer
to the agreement relating to the International Indian Ocean Expedition, effected by the Embassy's Note 193, September 28, 1962; the
Ministry's Note FUI 351-62/62 October 5, 1962; and the Embassy's Note 220, October 9, 1962.
In order to collect the data required for meteorological research over the Indian Ocean, Arabian Sea, Bay of Bengal and adjoining
land areas it is proposed to use four meteorologically instrumented research aircraft of the United States Weather Bureau and one
aircraft of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute of the United States. These aircraft are as follows: two DC-6A, Civil Registration
number N6539C and N6540C; one W-57, Civil Registration number N1005; one W-26, Civil Registration number 800 W; and one 1R-5D, Navy
number 50874. It is planned that these aircraft will be based in Bombay, India, and used to gather meteorological data during the
period April 15, 1963 through July 31, 1963 and again during the period January 1, 1964 through March 15, 1964. This planned schedule
is subject to change in the event of unforeseen circumstances. In view of the benefits that will accrue to the science of meteorology
and to our respective countries from the meteorological research, and in accordance with conversations between representatives of
our two governments on this matter, it is proposed that the aircraft be operated under the following arrangements:
3. The flights of aircraft W-57, Civil Registration number N 1005 which cannot take on board more than two persons and thus will
not be able to accommodate Indian observers shall observe the following procedure:
The films exposed during the flights of this aircraft shall be handed over to the Indian authorities at the airport concerned immediately
on termination of each flight. The films shall then be developed at the expense of the Government of the United States. Any portions
of the films which the Indian authorities might wish to remove shall be so removed by them in the presence of a representative of
the Government of the United States of America before the films are handed over to him.
4. No aerial photography of the Indian coastal regions shall be permitted during the flights of the aircraft.
5. Hangar space consisting of approximately 14,000 sq. ft. cannot be provided in one hangar. However, half of a hangar comprising
an area of approximately 9,300 sq. ft. will be made available in one hangar. Accommodation will also be made available in another
hangar comprising an area of about 10,000 sq. ft. for the purpose of storage of equipment.
6. The aircraft shall be subject to the normal
7. The aircraft and the supporting supplies and equipment will be eligible for grant of concessions from Customs, import and export
duties and other taxes in accordance with the terms already agreed to by the two Governments in connection with the International
Indian Ocean Expedition (refer this Ministry's note No. U1/351-62/62 dated the 5th October, 1962).
8. The U. S. nationals taking part in the Expedition, and who will be concerned with the use of the five meteorologically instrumented
aircraft of the United States Weather Bureau and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute of the United States will be granted entry
visas valid for three months' stay in India. On arrival in India, the Foreigners' Regional Registration Office, Bombay, will grant
them certificates entitling them to leave and re-enter India any number of times during the said three months provided the journeys
are in connection with the expedition.
9. A temporary assignment of a radio frequency between the ranges of approximately 3,000 k/cs to 9000 k/cs for use in communicating
between the aircraft and the Bombay base will be made to the Director-General of Civil Aviation of India.
2. The Ministry of External Affairs avails itself of this opportunity to renew to the Embassy of the United States of America the
assurances of its highest consideration.
The Embassy of the United States of America,