New Delhi, 24 February 1965
The Government of Japan and the Government of India,
DESIRING to conclude an Agreement for the exchange of international money orders between the two countries,
The undersigned, being duly authorized by their respective Governments for that purpose,
HAVE agreed upon the following articles :
There shall be a regular exchange of money orders between Japan and India.
The money order service shall be performed exclusively by the agency of offices of exchange. The names of the offices of exchange
nominated for this purpose in each country shall be communicated by each Postal Administration to the other.
The amounts of money orders shall be expressed in the currency of the country where payment is to be made. The currency mentioned
above may, however, be subject to alteration by mutual consent between the two Postal Administrations when they consider it necessary.
The limits of the amount of a single money order shall be determined by mutual consent between the two Postal Administrations.
All payment for money orders, whether by or to the public, shall be made in the legal money of the country of issue or payment as
the case may be.
The manner and conditions of issuing money orders shall be governed by the regulations existing in the country of issue.
Each Postal Administration shall have the power to fix the various charges to be collected by it for the various services mentioned
hereinafter in the present Agreement but each Postal Administration shall communicate to the other these charges and any alterations
therein which may be decided upon.
Each Postal Administration shall retain its own charges, but each Postal Administration shall pay the other one half of one per cent
on the amount of money order issued in its country and advised to the other country.
(1) Each office of exchange shall communicate to the other the particulars of sums received in its country for payment in the
other by means of advice lists.
(2) The particulars as to the names shall include the full name, or full surname and at least the initial of one Christian or
personal name, both of the remitter and payee, or the name of the firm or company designated ns the remitter or payee. The address
of the payee shall be given fully and precisely to enable the receiving office of exchange to select the most convenient office
of payment and to secure the correct delivery of the money order to the payee.
(1) The lists despatched from each office of exchange shall be numbered consecutively, commencing with number 1 at the beginning
of each calendar year.
(2) The entries in these lists respecting money orders issued shall also have consecutive numbers commencing with number 1 for each
list and these numbers shall be termed the international numbers.
Should any list fail to be received in due course, the despatching office of exchange shall, on receiving information to that effect,
transmit without delay to the receiving office of exchange a duplicate thereof duly certified as such.
The list shall be carefully verified by the receiving office of exchange and simple errors shall be at once corrected, the despatching
office of exchange being informed of such correction.
If the lists be found to contain errors or irregularities which cannot be rectified without communication with the despatching office
of exchange, the receiving office of exchange shall at once send such communication, and, pending the receipt of a reply, the payment
of money orders dependent on the irregular entries shall be suspended.
As soon as the lists shall have reached the receiving office of exchange, that office shall prepare internal money orders for the
amounts specified in the lists and arrange for payment to the payees in accordance with the regulations existing in the country of
When it is desired that an error in the name of the remitter or of the payee shall be corrected, or that the amount of a money order
shall be repaid to the remitter, application shall be made by the remitter to the issuing Postal Administration.
Repayment of a money order shall not be made to the remitter until it has been ascertained, through the paying Postal Administration,
that the order has not been and will not be paid.
(1) The remitter of a money order may apply for an advice of payment of the order by paying a charge in advance either at the
time of issue or within one year after the end of the month of issue.
(2) If application for an advice of payment is made at the time of issue of an order, the letters “A.P.” shall be written against
the entry in the list. The advice of payment shall be prepared by the office of payment and forwarded direct to the remitter
either by the office of payment or by the office of exchange of destination.
(3) If application for an advice of payment is made subsequent to the issue of an order, a form of advice of payment giving full
particulars of the order and of the advising, shall be sent by the despatching office of exchange to the office of exchange of
destination, which shall arrange for its completion and despatch to the remitter. (4) The advice of payment relating to a “through”
money order shall be sent through the office's of exchange of the two countries.
A money order shall remain payable for twelve months after the end of the month of issue, and the amount of every order not paid within
that period shall be returned to the issuing Postal Administration to be dealt with in accordance with the regulations existing in
the country of issue.
In the event of a money order being lost or destroyed, a duplicate I order shall be granted on a written application (containing the
necessary particulars) from the remitter of the payee, or from the issuing Postal Administration, to the paying Postal Administration,
I and, unless there is reason to believe that the order was lost in transmission through the post, the office issuing the duplicate
shall be entitled to charge the same fee as would be chargeable for a duplicate order under its own internal regulations.
(1) At the end of every month each office of exchange shall prepare and forward to the other a list, in duplicate, of the money
orders issued in the other country which have not been paid within twelve months after the end of the month of issue and have
therefore been placed at the disposal of the other Postal Administration.
(2) When there are no transactions to report, “Nil” lists shall be sent.
(1) Each Postal Administration may exchange money order with any countries with which it does not maintain the exchange of money
orders, through the medium of the other Postal Administration if the other maintains the exchange of money orders with those
(2) Each Postal Administration shall allow to the other the same percentage (see Article 8) on “through” money orders as on money
orders payable in the other Postal Administration.
(3) For the intermediary service, a special commission fixed by each Postal Administration shall be deducted from the amount of
each re-advised order, and the commission so charged shall not be refunded even if the amount of a “through” money order is repaid
to the remitter.
(4) Each Postal Administration shall communicate to the other the names of the countries for which it may transact the intermediary
service, the limit of amount adopted for each and the commission deducted for its intermediary service.
Accounts relating to money orders shall be prepared and settled in accordance with arrangements mutually agreed upon by the two Postal
Each Postal Administration shall have authority to suspend or restrict temporarily the exchange of money orders in case the course
of exchange or any other circumstance shall give rise to abuses, or cause detriment to the revenues of the country concerned, or
for any other extraordinary circumstances.
In the case of errors or frauds the responsibility for any loss involved shall be borne by the Postal Administration in whose service
the error or fraud was committed. In case it may be impossible to determine in which service the error or fraud was committed, the
responsibility for any losses involved shall be shared equally between the two Postal Administrations.
Matters necessary to ensure the execution of the present Agreement shall be settled by mutual consent between the two Postal Administrations.
(1) The present Agreement shall be approved by each Contracting Party in accordance with its legal procedures, and, thereafter,
it shall enter into force on the date to be agreed upon by the Governments of the Contracting Parties. (The date of effect is
1st August, 1965).
(2) The present Agreement shall continue in force until twelve months after either of the Contracting Parties shall have notified
the other of its intention to terminate it.
DONE in duplicate and signed at Tokyo on the 26th day of January, 1965, and at New Delhi on the 24th day of February, 1965. (at
Mr. ETSUSABURO SHIINA,
Minister for Foreign Affairs.
SATYA NARAYAN SINHA
Minister for Communications and Parliamentary Affairs.
Mr. JITSUZO TOKUYASU,
Minister of Post and Communications.