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Indian Treaty Series

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New Delhi, 11 October 1974

The Government of the Republic of INDIA


The Government of the People’s Republic of BULGARIA

CONSIDERING that development of scientific and technical relations shall be of mutual benefit to both the countries,

DESIROUS of strengthening cooperation between the two countries, particularly in the fields of science and technology,

CONSIDERING further that such cooperation will promote the development of existing friendly relations between the Republic of India and the People’s Republic of Bulgaria,

BEARING in mind the Agreement on Cultural Cooperation between the Republic of India and the People’s Republic of Bulgaria signed in New Delhi on 20th February, 1963 and without prejudice to exchanges under the said Agreement,

HAVE AGREED as follows :

Article I

The Contracting Parties hereby agree to promote development of cooperation in the fields of science and technology between the two countries on the basis of equality and mutual advantage and, by mutual consent, define various areas in which this cooperation is desirable, taking into account the experience which scientists and specialists have gained and the possibilities available.

Article II

Cooperation between the Contracting Parties in the fields of science and technology may be effected by means of :

1. exchange of scientists, research workers, specialists, scholars, 2. exchange of scientific and technical information, documentation, films and movies in the fields of science and technology,

3. organization of bilateral scientific and technical seminars and courses on problems of interest for both parties,

4. joint identification of scientific and technical problems, formulation, and implementation of joint research programmes which might lead to application of the results of such research in; industry, agriculture and other fields, including exchange of achieved experiences and know-how resulting therefrom,

5. facilitating the training of young scientific workers by granting fellowships on the basis of exchange,

6. organisation of exhibition demonstrating the achievements of both countries in the field of science and technology.

Article 111

1. The Contracting Parties shall promote cooperation between the respective organisation, enterprises and scientific institutions concerned with science and technology in both countries on the basic of protocols concluded or to be concluded, if necessary, within the framework of this Agreement.

2. Protocols or contracts, which shall be the basis for developing cooperation between organizations, enterprises and scientific institutions of the two countries, shall be signed in accordance with the laws and regulations in force in the respective country. These protocol or contracts shall provide for, in case of necessity :

(i) recompense for licenses, know-how or utilisation of patents,

(ii) exchange of patents, joint application for patents based on joint projects of research and development and conditions for their commercialisation by either party or jointly by them in a third country,

(iii) conditions of introduction into production and realisation of output.

(iv) financial terms and conditions.

Article IV

The Contracting Parties agree that the delivery of the equipment required for joint research and for pilot plant studies instituted in furtherance of this Agreement will be effected in the manner discussed and agreed upon by both Contracting Parties in each individual case. The delivery of equipment and apparatus from one country to another produced in the course of implementation of this Agreement shall be effected in accordance with the terms of the existing trade agreement between them, if they do not agree on another way of making these deliveries.

Article V

The Contracting Parties shall take steps to promote cooperation among scientific libraries; centres of scientific and technical information and scientific institutions for exchange of books, periodicals and bibliographies.

Article VI

1. This Agreement shall be realised on the basis of implementation programmes signed periodically, but not less frequently than one for two years. These implementation programmes shall specify the range, subject and forms of cooperation including financial terms and conditions.

2. The implementation of this Agreement is entrusted to the Department of Science and Technology from the Indian side and to the Committee Science for Technical Progress and Higher Education from the Bulgarian side. A Sub-Committee with equal number of members from each side will be set up for the purpose; of working out the details of the implementation programme and will be responsible to the Indo-Bulgarian Joint Commission on Economic, Scientific and Technical Cooperation.

Article VII

The Contracting Parties agree not to divulge information obtained by them or their personnel under this Agreement to any third party without the specific consent of the other Party.

Article VIII

Expenses for travel of the scientists and specialists between the two countries shall be borne by the sending country, while the expenses for boarding and lodging, internal travel, medical facilities, etc., shall be borne by the host country, according to the terms to be mutually agreed upon between the Contracting Parties before the finalisation of each working programme.

Article IX

Within the limits of the standing regulations the Contracting Parties shall ensure to the citizens of each party, who stay on their territories, all assistance and facilities in the fulfilment of the tasks they are entrusted with, according to the provisions of this Agreement.

Article X

This Agreement shall be subject to ratification by the Contracting Parties according to their respective constitutional procedures and shall come into force after the instruments of ratification have been exchanged.

This Agreement shall remain in force for a period of five years and shall be automatically extended for further period of five years, if none of the Contracting Parties gives notice to the other party of its intention to terminate this Agreement twelve months before the expiry of the said period.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF the respective representatives of the two Governments have signed this Agreement.

DONE in duplicate in New Delhi on the eleventh day of October, 1974 in Hindi, in Bulgarian and English Languages all texts being equally authentic, but in case of doubt the English text shall prevail.

On behalf of the Government of the Republic of India
Minister for Machine Building and Metallurgy

On behalf of the Government of the People’s Republic of Bulgaria

India Bilateral

Ministry of External Affairs, India

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