New Delhi, 28 November 1974
The Government of INDIA
The Government of the Democratic Republic of SUDAN,
RECOGNISING the friendly ties existing between the peoples of India, and the Sudan;
CONSIDERING that the peoples of India and the Sudan have a common interest in economic progress and that their joint efforts to exchange
technical and scientific knowledge and skills will assist in achieving this objective;
BEING mutually desirous of advancing the closest possible cooperation in the economic, technical and scientific fields on the basis
of equality and mutual benefit;
BELIEVING firmly that such cooperation between the peoples of the two countries will advance further the cooperative effort envisaged
in the Joint Declarations of the 77 developing countries adopted in Geneva in 1964 and in Lima in 1971;
HAVE agreed as follows :
The Government of India and the Government of the Democratic Republic of Sudan shall facilitate and promote, in conformity with the
provisions of this Agreement, any form of economic, technical and scientific cooperation as they may deem useful to the economies
of their respective countries.
The economic, technical and scientific cooperation between the two countries shall be effected through separate arrangements to be
concluded between authorised institutions or bodies of the two countries subject to the approval of the two Governments and in accordance
with laws and regulations in force from time to time in each country and in accordance with their international legal obligations.
The economic, technical and scientific cooperation shall include, among others, the following activities having always in view their
possible extension to such other forms as may be found mutually beneficial :
(a) exchange of personnel for training purposes including practical and academic training in technical schools, scientific and other
institutes, factories and other production centres in each country, grant of scholarships, etc.,
(b) exchange of visits of experts and Government officials in all fields with a view to acquiring expert knowledge, lecturing and
instructing in the other country,
(c) provision of the services of experts in all fields,
(d) exchange, preparation and giving of technical documentation including feasibility studies and necessary equipment, including the
exchange and giving of corresponding information,
(e) cooperation in scientific research work between scientific institutes and bodies of the two countries, and exchange of information,
books and scientific publications,
(f) setting up of joint ventures,
(g) cooperation between production enterprises in exchanging technology and in finding the most suitable technical solutions and attaining
(h) taking all necessary steps to encourage tourism and facilitate travel between the two countries, in accordance with their respective
laws and regulations and including exchange. of technical assistance and expertise between the organisations in the two countries
employed in the promotion and marketing of tourism, and reciprocal publicity arrangements.
Both Governments shall appoint in their respective countries, organisations which shall be charged with the execution of economic,
technical and scientific cooperation as provided for in this Agreement. For the aforesaid purpose, the Government of India nominates
“the Ministry of External Affairs” and the Government of the Democratic Republic of Sudan nominates “the National Planning Commission
operating through the Ministry of Foreign Affairs”. The above authorities shall keep in touch with each other on all questions relating
to this Agreement.
In order to establish regularly the volume and conditions of mutual economic, technical and scientific cooperation and to review the
progress made, the representatives of the authorities mentioned in Article 4 shall meet either in New Delhi or in Khartoum. The decisions
of these meetings shall be subject to the approval of the competent authorities of both countries, as constituted by both Governments
under Article 4.
The terms and conditions of the services of experts and trainees and of all other forms of economic, technical and scientific cooperation
mentioned in Article 3 shall be agreed upon in each case between the respective representatives of the Contracting Parties in individual
arrangements as contemplated in Article 2 of the Agreement where necessary, these terms and conditions will also provide against
the disclosure of such knowledge or information as may be acquired by the recipient party.
Persons deputed under this Agreement shall be obliged to comply with the laws and regulations in force from time to time of the country
in which they perform their duties, render or carry on any activities:
Each Contracting Party receiving assistance according to this Agreement shall, in so far as the same may be permissible under the
laws in force in the territory of such Contracting Party, extend to the experts and / or trainees of the other party all such courtesies
as may be reasonably necessary for successful fulfilment of their duties under the Agreement.
Further details regarding fulfilment of the obligations undertaken by the two Governments pursuant to this Agreement shall be separately
defined in each case by exchange of letters between the two Governments or in any other suitable forms as may be agreed upon.
The present Agreement shall remain in force for a period of five years. Thereafter, it shall be renewable for similar periods of 5
years by tacit agreement unless either Government terminates it by giving notice of at least six months prior to the expiry of the
period of the Agreement.
The present Agreement shall be subject to ratification and shall come into force with effect from the date of exchange of the Instruments
of Ratification conforming to the relevant regulations of the respective countries.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF the representatives of the two countries duly authorised by their respective Governments have signed this Agreement.
DONE at New Delhi on the 28th day of November in the year one thousand nine hundred and seventy four.
Minister for External Affairs
for the Government of India
Dr. MANSOUR KHALID
Minister of Foreign Affairs
for the Government of the Democratic Republic of Sudan